Hartell’s Glass Patd 1858 Air-Tight Preserve Jar
Hartell’s Glass Air-Tight Cover
Patd Oct. 19, 1858 Preserve Jar
Gambogia Druggist Label Under Glass
Black (Deep Amethyst) Quart
Thomas R. Hartell, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Provenance: Jerry McCann collection
The Hartell’s Glass Air-Tight Cover preserve jars were patented on October 19, 1858, for a tool to make lugged screw caps. The patent date was embossed on the jar top while the name was typically embossed on the outer skirt of the lid. The jar is found in aqua, black (deep amethyst), cobalt blue and green. The jar is hand-blown with a ground lip. The closure is a top seal (on ground lip) with three lugged screw caps engaging three inclined ramps on the jar’s neck. The patentee was Thomas R. Hartell of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Hartell & Letchworth were proprietors of the Union Glass Works.
Our Hartell Self-Sealing museum example is interesting as it represents a label-under-glass apothecary jar which is rarely found. The condition is excellent in dark amethyst glass.
From The Home Manual: Or, The Economical Cook and House-book: Hints on the Daily Duties of a Housekeeper by Elizabeth Nicholson, 1865:
These vessels were used during the last summer in incredibly large quantities and with the most complete success. They may be obtained in most of the principal cities and towns in the country, of the agents. They are accompanied with explicit directions for use, and valuable recipes for putting up fruits and vegetables.
We are glad to be able, from actual trial, to give this strong Hartell’s self-sealing jar. testimonial in favour of so useful an invention. The following methods of Preserving Fruits, etc., have been practically tested, the two past seasons, with the Hartell Jar, and, if carefully followed, will not only be found to succeed, but the whole operation of putting up Winter Stores will be found so easy and simple, that the most inexperienced housekeeper need never fail.
Fruit and Vegetables put up fresh in these Jars, are admitted by medical men to be far more wholesome and nutritious than by the old plan of cooking— most of the leading physicians in this city having them in use. Metal Jars or Covers have long been considered objectionable for preserving anything containing acidity, and the Hartell Jar, being wholly of glass, and fastened and unfastened in a moment by a slight turn of the cover, and requiring no cement, will be found upon trial to be a perfect success.
One thing should be borne in mind, and that a very important one, in selecting Fruit for preserving, that which is fairly ripe, without softness or bruises should be preferred, and the same rule will apply to Vegetables. Tomatoes should be chosen with as much flesh and as little seed as possible.
The Hartell Jar and Cover being wholly of glass, care should be taken not to put a hot cover on a cold Jar, or the reverse, as the difference in temperature, may cause one or the other to break; but in heating up be careful to place the cover loosely on the Jar, so they may be of equal temperature when filled, and should you boil them in any vessel to expel the air, place a cloth or some straw on its bottom to prevent the glass from heating too suddenly at one point, by coming in contact with the bottom of the vessel.
Let the fruit be warming near the fire. While the fruit is stewing; have corks to fit, bladder lined, put in the fruit a little at a time, boiling hot; warm your cement, meanwhile, insert the cork, taking care to have the glass full to the cork, press down tightly; then put another piece of wet bladder over the cork, tieing it down tightly; invert the glass into the cement, then stand it up to harden; when hard, roll the edge of the glass again in the hot cement, and you have a perfectly air-tight vessel. The very best and safest mode, however, and one which servants must be doubly-refined stupid not to succeed in, is Hartell’s Patent Self-sealing Jars.The Home Manual: Or, The Economical Cook and House-book: Hints on the Daily Duties of a Housekeeper by Elizabeth Nicholson, Ashmead & Evans, 1865
Extra: Darrell has another very interesting jar and one in which I have never seen before until seeing his photos, a cobalt blue Hartell jar. And according to him, it’s the only example he’s ever seen or heard of in that color. The jar came from the Al Vignon collection and he claims a fair amount of the jar has been reconstructed. There are some big chunks that have been repaired but he takes that all in stride. He always reminds people “if you want the Venus de Milo with arms then you just don’t want the Venus de Milo because the only one known doesn’t have any arms. Be happy with what you get.” Great advice since a one-of-a-kind jar, after all, is what it is.Midwest Glass Chatter, 1972
Support: Hartell’s Patd 1858 Pint in Steel Blue. The closure is aqua with a correct style glass cap (has a manufacturer’s under-fill at the bottom edge). Overall ground wear, normal roughness of the ground mouth, a small burst bubble on the shoulder. 1860s. Extremely rare in this color. Greg Spurgeon and North American Glass.
Support: Hartell’s Patd 1858 Air Tight Fruit Jar Quart in a greenish coloration. Original closure. Sparkling glass. Flaking of the ground mouth. Embossing on lid only. Base is unmarked. 1860s. Greg Spurgeon and North American Glass.
Support: Reference to Red Book #11, the Collector’s Guide to Old Fruit Jars by Douglas M. Leybourne, Jr.
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