Mason’s GCCo Patent 1858 Jar

Provenance: Jerry McCann Collection

Here is an incredibly beautiful Mason’s Patent Nov. 30th 1858 jar with a GCCo. monogram which is positioned under a slightly arched embossed “MASON’S.

Most interesting is the coloration with the amber striations. Red Book notes it as #1934 with a ground lip and a Mason shoulder seal. Only pints are noted which you can find in clear, aqua, Ball blue, light green, and amber. A number usually appears on the bottom. Of course, our museum example is rather special.

We have other Mason jar varieties in our museum that give a pretty good history of the jar. Please see our Mason’s Patent Nov. 30th 1858 Jar and Mason’s Patent Crowleytown Jar.

There seems to be some confusion with the glass jar authorities as the monogram letters could be read as GCCo or CGCo. This has prompted some to believe it stands for Giles-Clough & Co. of Redkey, Indiana or Canton Glass Co. of Canton, Ohio and Marion, Indiana. No exact documentation is known either way. The weight of evidence seems to be with the Canton Glass Co.

Alice M. Creswick illustrated two slight variations of the monogram on Mason jars. A variation only had the letter “T” rather than “TH” in the patent date. You can see her illustration in the sliding images at the top. She attributed the jars to the Giles-Clough Co. ca. 1896-1898.

Redkey Glass Company: John S. Giles bought the equipment of the closed Crystal City Glass Co. in Bowling Green and moved it to Redkey, Indiana. He brought in H. H. Clough and formed the Giles-Clough Co. In 1897, William Buttler bought out Giles’ share, and the company was renamed after its new hometown, becoming the Redkey Glass Co. Giles-Clough and Redkey were both competitors of Ball Brothers in the fruit jar business, making the Fruitkeeper GCCo and the Redkey Mason, among others. Ball managed to survive the gas bust, but Redkey Glass did not. Following a fire in April 1902, it was decided that the failing gas supply did not warrant rebuilding the plant, and the glass-making equipment was sold off.

Support: Reference to Red Book #11, the Collector’s Guide to Old Fruit Jars by Douglas M. Leybourne, Jr.

Support: Giles-Clough Glass Co. and Related Companies by Bill Lockhart, Beau Schriever, Bill Lindsey, and Carol Serr

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